This section provides an overview of the names of people who lived in the Calry area from around the middle of the 17th century to the early 20th century. The names of individuals and families are often inextricably linked with the ownership of property. The information on population and land ownership is extracted from official (government) records and unofficial (religious, agricultural surveys) records. The most comprehensive information is derived from census data but, unlike the UK and the USA, Ireland does not have a good track record in the preservation of census records.
The term ‘census’ is of Latin origin and in Roman empire times a census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census collects data on many attributes and is much broader. It includes information on literacy, housing, and other attributes, and is usually taken every 10 years.
The first full government census of Ireland was taken in 1821 and was repeated at 10 yearly intervals up to 1911. The 1926 census and all subsequent ones were taken under the Statistics Act of 1926.
The original census returns for 1861 and 1871 were destroyed shortly after they were taken and those for 1881 and 1891 were pulped during the First World War due to a paper shortage. The returns for 1821, 1831, 1841 and 1851 were destroyed in 1922 in a fire in the Public Record Office at the start of the Civil War. The records for a few counties for 1821 and 1831 have survived but Sligo is not one of those counties.
Prior to 1821, there are very few datasets showing population and land ownership in Ireland. However, some resources do exist which provide snapshots of individuals and families living in Calry, and these are listed below in chronological order, starting from the 17th century.
1664: Hearth Money Rolls
The Hearth Tax was levied on the basis of the number of hearths in each house. The Rolls list the householders’ names and the number of hearths. They are quite comprehensive and give a good indication of the names of the householders in each county. The following extract for Calry gives an overview of the names of the families living in the area at the time. It does not necessarily list every family. A household that could not afford a hearth would not be included. The townland name is also given in Irish with an approximation of its English equivalent.
Hearth Money Roll for the Parish of Calry
Note: Annagh is the old name for Hazelwood.
1749: Elphin Census
The Elphin Diocesan Census was taken in 1749 at the behest of Edward Synge, Bishop of Elphin. The returns are arranged by parish, townland, names of heads of households, religion, occupation, number of children and number of servants. The original manuscript was found in Markree Castle and is now held at the National Archives of Ireland. It includes 13 parishes, including Calry, in County Sligo. The following extract for Calry parish gives a detailed overview of all householders surveyed. However, persons who did not have a home and property were not included and would have been listed as servants.
The following profile of the Calry area is extracted from the online version of the Elphin Census available at the IrelandGenWeb project on RootsWeb.Ancestry.Com. The townland names in the table below have been adjusted to the modern day spelling.
|Calry Parish extract||Link|
|Sligo and Calry Parish page 411
incl part of Sligo, Kiltycahill
|Sligo and Calry Parish page 413
incl Ballytivnan and Rathbraughan
|Calry Parish page 414
incl Rathbraghan, Shannon, Carncash, Carrowlustia, Formoyle,
|Calry Parish page 415
incl Doonally, Barroe, Ballinode, Carrickoneileen and Ballynamona
|Calry Parish page 416
incl Carrickoneileen and Ballynamona, Loughanelton, Tully, Cloghermore
|Calry Parish page 417
incl Cloghermore, Corwillick, Colgagh, Shannon Knox, Faughts, part of Sligo, Hazelwood
|Calry and St John’s Parish page 418 incl Hazelwood, road to Tullynegrackin
1796: List of Flax Growers
Flax was grown in Ireland from time immemorial when linen cloth and wool cloth were the only form of woven cloth available for apparel. Cotton came to Ireland much later when trade with the USA opened up. The linen industry had to keep track of flax growers in order to maintain a regular supply of linen and a quarter of an acre (a rood) produced roughly one wheel of linen. A list of flax growers in County Sligo exists for 1796 and the extract for Calry is presented below.
A List of Persons to whom Premiums for sowing Flax-seed in the Year 1796 have been adjudged by the Trustees of the Linen Manufacture.
Persuant to the Scheme offered by them for encouraging the growth of Flax throughout the Kingdom viz. “To the Person who should sow between the 10th Day of March and the 1st Day of June 1796, with a sufficient Quantity of good sound Flax-seed, any Quantity of Land, well prepared and fit for the purpose, not less than 1 Acre-4 Spinning wheels, — 3 Roods 3 Ditto, — 2 Roods – 2 Ditto, — 1 Rood — 1 Ditto. And to the Person who should sow in like Manner any Quantity of like Land, not less than 5 Acres, a Loom, or Wheels, Reels, or Hatchells to the Value of 50 Shillings, and for every 5 Acres over and above the first five a like Premium.”
The claimants for one Rood, who are entitled to one Wheel each, are requested to apply to the County Inspector Mr. Thomas Holmes for their Wheels, there being a sufficient Number ready to distribute among them: The other Premiums will be discharged in Rotation as the Wheels can be made, of which due Notice shall be given.
Every Person preferring Reels may have two of them in lieu of a Spinning Wheel.
The Scheme of Premiums offered by the Board for the Year 1796, has had so extensive an Effect, that it will require 37,135 Wheels to discharge the One Rood Claimants; and not less than 88,719 Wheels, together with 287 Looms, to discharge the whole, which necessarily produces much delay in delivering.
As the highest Price is paid for the Wheels in order to have them of the best Fabric, of seasoned Timber, and of the full Size, no Claimant is to receive any Wheel deficient in any respect: They are all to be stamped with the Board Seal before delivery, and with the Maker’s Name.
And in order to render the national benefit proposed by the Trustees as efficacious as possible, they request that any neglect or delay of the Inspector in delivering Wheels of the best quality and equal excellence to the Pattern deposited with him, be instantly made known to them by information to any Trustee, or to the Inspector General, or by Letter to their Secretary, at the Linen-Office, Dublin.
N.B. Any Inspector, Deputy Inspector, or Surveyor, or other Person acting under him or them, who shall directly or indirectly receive any Fee, Gratuity, or Reward for the performance of his duty, becomes by such offence disqualified by Act of Parliament to hold any Employment under the Linen Board.
1823: Tithe Applotment Books (1823 -1838)
Under the rule of George IV, a system of tithes was introduced to support the Established Church – the Church of Ireland. Irrespective of which faith you followed, every householder had to pay tithes. The word tithe means one tenth. All land was surveyed and assessed to determine how much each householder had to pay.
The Tithe Applotment Books (TAB) are a valuable source of information about householders in the absence of the 1821, 1831 and 1841 Census of Ireland. There is a manuscript book for almost every civil (Church of Ireland) parish in the country giving the names of occupiers of each townland, the amount of agricultural land held and the sums to be paid in tithes. Drumcliffe is one of the parishes missing from the TABs.
In the Tithe Applotment Books, the quality of land was graded according to seven different categories and different rates then applied to each category.
The Tithe Applotment Books are held by the National Archives of Ireland and are available online at this link: http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/home.jsp
The following table lists the Tithe Applotment Book returns for all townlands of Calry
|TAB Returns for the Parish of Calry
Click on the townland name to access the record listing all householders
Note: Some names are misspelt. Pully is actually Tully (specifically, the upper part of Tully).
1857: Griffiths Valuation:
Griffiths Valuation is an important resource because it acts as a substitute for the 1851 census although it only records householders that owned or leased property. For example, if an individual was a labourer or house servant then they would not be listed in the survey returns. The survey was conducted by Sir Richard Griffith between 1854 and 1856, and published in 1857.
The following data was extracted from Griffiths Valuation and shows the most common surnames in Calry in 1858.
Most common surnames in Calry in 1858
Griffiths Valuation is available online at AskAboutIreland and may be searched by name at this link:
The following table lists the Griffith’s Valuation returns for all townlands (including islands in Lough Gill) of Calry The spelling of townland names is as shown in the Griffiths returns.
|Townland (# of households listed)||Link to Griffiths Valuation|
|Ballure (17)||Click here|
|Ballyglass (3)||Click here|
|Ballynamona (39)||Click here|
|Ballytivnan (*)||Click here|
|Barroe (13)||Click here|
|Bellanode (*)||Click here|
|Bellanurly (10)||Click here|
|Bellawillinbeg (1)||Click here|
|Carncash (8)||Click here|
|Carrickoneilleen (17)||Click here|
|Carrowlustia (14)||Click here|
|Cartron (*)||Click here|
|Clogher Beg (3)||Click here|
|Clogher More (14)||Click here|
|Clogherrevagh (8)||Click here|
|Colgagh (42)||Click here|
|Corwillick (8)||Click here|
|Doonally (8)||Click here|
|Edenbaun (3)||Click here|
|Farranacardy (*)||Click here|
|Faughts (22)||Click here|
|Formoyle (44)||Click here|
|Glackbaun (11)||Click here|
|Hazelwood Demesne (*)||Click here|
|Islands in Lough Gill (12 islands are listed)||Click here|
|Keelogyboy (25)||Click here|
|Kiltycahill (18)||Click here|
|Lisduff (3)||Click here|
|Lisgorey (6)||Click here|
|Loughanelteen (33)||Click here|
|Magheraghanrush or Deerpark (2)||Click here|
|Mullaghgar (2)||Click here|
|Rathbraghan (*)||Click here|
|Rathquarter (*)||Click here|
|Shannon Eighter (*)||Click here|
|Shannon Oughter (6)||Click here|
|Tully (29)||Click here|
|Willowbrook (4)||Click here|
(*) Townland entry consists of multiple parts. Each part needs to be accessed separately to view occupants.
1901: Census of Ireland
Each householder had to complete the Household Return Form A listing all Members of the family along with visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 31st March 1901 The head of the family had to be listed first on the form. .
The data recorded for each person was: name and surname; relation to head of family; religious profession; education; age; sex; rank, profession or occupation; marriage; where born; Irish language. The last column asked unashamedly about any personal afflictions : deaf & dumb; dumb only; blind; imbecile or idiot; or lunatic.
The Census Enumerator completed two summary sheets for each townland: Form B1 and Form N.
Form B1 – the House and Building Return listed particulars of buildings owned by individual families within a townland. It graded each house (1st, 2nd, 3rd class) using an aggregate score derived from the type of wall, type of roof, number of rooms and number of windows in the front of the house. The number of outhouses was also recorded. Form B1 also listed the number of persons in each family and number of rooms occupied in each house.
Form N – the Enumerator’s Abstract for a Townland or a Street summarized particulars of dwelling houses, families, persons and religious profession.
The 1901 Census returns are available at the National Archives of Ireland website at this link:
The site is easy to search. Select County=Sligo and DED = Calry and then enter name of individual and/or the townland. DED is District Electoral Division.
However, there is an indexing error which shows much of the Calry data under County Meath in the DED of Newtown and mixed up with valid data for Meath. For example, a search on the Anderson family of Colgagh shows them resident in house #25 in the townland of Carlanstown, county Meath which is INCORRECT: However, Form A can be viewed as it is an image.
The error has been reported and an email reply received to the effect that NAI does not have the human resources to fix the problem.
A browse of Calry DED in the 1901 Census lists five townlands only:
(click on townland name to see the data)
The remaining townland entries are embedded in the data for County Meath.
However, a summary of the 1901 Census household returns for Sligo are available on the Leitrim-Roscommon website (www.leitrim-roscommon.com) thanks to the commendable work of Roger McDonnell in Baltimore, USA.
The Calry extract is available by clicking HERE
* Note that the data is presented in alphabetical order by surname of householder.
1911: Census of Ireland
The 1911 Census returns are available at the National Archives of Ireland website
As in the previous census, each householder had to complete Form A (the Household Return) listing all Members of the family along with visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911. The Form A used for the 1911 Census was a slightly more detailed version than the one used for the 1901 Census. The main difference was that for married persons, it lists the number of years the marriage has lasted; the number of children born; and the number still living.
The Census Enumerator completed two summary sheets for each townland: Form B1 and Form B2.
Form B1 – the House and Building Return listed particulars of buildings owned by individual families within a townland, as in the 1901 Census.
Form B2 – The Out-Offices and Farm-Steadings Return listed particulars of all outhouses for each household in a townland. A total of 17 different categories were given for outhouses (cow shed, dairy, piggery, henhouse, etc) and four more placeholders were included for good measure. The households were numbered 1, 2, 3, … so as to cross-reference with Form B1.
Examples of Forms A, B1 and B2 are available at this link:
The following table lists the 1911 Census returns for all townlands of Calry that were inhabited on the night of the Census (Sunday, 2 April 1911)
|1911 Census Returns for the Parish of Calry
Click on the townland land to access the record listing all inhabitants
|1911 Census Returns for Drumcliff East
Click on the townland land to access the record listing all inhabitants
|1911 Census Returns for Sligo (Urban)
Click on the townland land to access the record listing all inhabitants
Footnote: 1926 Census of Ireland
This census is not yet released although an effort was made to have it released in 2016. When it is released, the title of this page will be changed to People and property (1662-1926) as all the data will then be in the public domain.